Prague is considered one of the most beautiful cities in the world. The capital of the Czech Republic, built on the banks of the Vltava River, is a city to fall in love with at first sight.
Known as the City of One Hundred Towers and also as the Golden City, Prague is one of the twenty most visited cities in the world. The beauty of its historical heritage, declared a World Heritage Site in 1992 by Unesco is its main tourist attraction.
But nevertheless, Prague is much more than a city inheriting beautiful monuments of the past. Prague is also a cosmopolitan city, in which the ancient and the modern, the romantic and the hurried coexist, each in its space.
Stare Mesto, the Old Town of Prague
The old town or Old Town of Prague is the most popular and picturesque area of Prague. It is named for the original settlement of the city, founded in the latter part of the ninth century. The Old Town Square and the Astronomical Clock stand out in the Old City.
The Old Town Square is the center of the city's public life since the Middle Ages. In it stands the City Hall building of the Old City, one of the historically most valuable buildings in the city.
The Astronomical clock Prague is the best known medieval clock in the world. It is located in the Town Hall Tower of the Old City. This clock was built in 1490, although the astronomical quadrant mechanism, the oldest part of the clock, dates from 1410.Astronomical Clock - Vlad.Romensky / Shutterstock.com
Another fundamental monument of the Old Town of Prague is the Powder Tower, a blackened building today built in 1475 as one of the 13 gates of the fortified city wall. This tower was destroyed by a fire in 1541, although it was rebuilt shortly after. In the 17th century, this tower began to be used to store gunpowder, where its current name comes from.
One of the most prominent buildings in the entire city of Prague is the Municipal House, located in what was the former site of the Royal Court, next to the Powder Tower. The Municipal House is the most prominent Art Nouveau building in Prague.Municipal House - kavalenkau / Shutterstock.com
In the visit to the Old Town of Prague the visitor can not miss the Clementinum, whose foundation dates from the ninth century and which was later the former headquarters of the Jesuit college and university. The Clementinum is the second largest architectural complex in Prague. Headquarters of the National Library, inside you can visit Chapel of Mirrors, the Baroque Library and the Astronomical Tower.
Malá Strana, the Little City
On the other side of the Vltava River is the Small Town (Malá Strana, in Czech). The Bridge of Carlos, the most famous monument in Prague, communicates both parts of the city. The Charles Bridge began to be built 1357 under the reign of King Charles IV, although it was not completed until the early fifteenth century. With 500 meters long and 10 meters wide, guarded by 30 statues, 15 on each side along the entire route, the Charles Bridge is the second oldest bridge in the Czech Republic.Charles Bridge - courtyardpix / Shutterstock.com
The Little City, founded in 1257, is one of the oldest and most historically important districts in Prague.
It should be noted in the Small City the St. Nicholas Church, maximum exponent of the baroque style of the city. Another of its most prominent attractions is the Church of Our Lady of Victory, inside which is the famous statue of the Infant Jesus of Prague.St. Nicholas Church - Felix Lipov / Shutterstock.com
Hradcany, the Castle District
Hradcany or Castle District is the district of Prague that comprises the famous Prague Castle and the surrounding area.
The Prague Castle It is an architectural complex composed of several palaces and buildings connected by small streets, which includes the Convent of San Jorge, the Powder Tower and the Callejón del Oro, among other relevant elements. It stands out, among other things, for being the largest medieval fortress in the world.Prague Castle - TTstudio / Shutterstock.com
In the Castle District there is also the San Vito Cathedral, which is the most important religious building in Prague. Its construction began in 1344 but it was not finally finished until the 19th and 20th centuries, finally opening its doors to the public at the end of 1929.Prague Cathedral - TTstudio / Shutterstock.com
The Gold Alley It is another place that every visitor should go to. It is a narrow and short street where goldsmiths lived in the city during the 17th century.
Place of worship for pilgrims is The Loreto, one of the most important pilgrimage sites in the Czech Republic, whose origins date back to 1626. The most important place in El Loreto is the replica of The House of the Virgin Mary, located in the central part of the cloister.El Loreto - Waj / shutterstock.com
Finally, it should be noted in this area the Strahov Monastery, founded in 1143 that has a beautiful library and a gallery of great relevance.
Nove Mesto, The New City
In the fourteenth century, Charles IV extended the Old City, founding the New City.
In this part of Prague it should be noted Wenceslas Square, In the city center. This square was founded in 1348. Wenceslas Square is 750 meters long and 60 meters wide. Its most famous building is the National Museum of Prague, whose building was completed in 1890.Wenceslas Square - Iakov Filimonov / Shutterstock.com
Josefov, the Jewish Quarter
The Jewish Quarter originated in the Middle Ages, and was integrated into Prague in 1850. At the end of the 19th century it was completely renovated, although the six synagogues, the cemetery and the town hall were preserved.Prague Synagogues - Mariusz Switulski / Shutterstock.com
Built at different times between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries, the Prague Jewish Quarter synagogues they constitute interesting centers of cultural, religious and historical interest.
The Old Jewish Cemetery in Prague, Another place that deserves to be visited is an overwhelming place, for which it seems that time has not passed. It was created in 1439 and for 300 years it was the only place where Jews could be buried in the city. This caused that curious form of burial took place, stacking some graves on others.Jewish Cemetery - Ivan Pshenichnyuk / Shutterstock.com
“It is enough that one likes to listen so that the churches and palaces of Prague tell the stories they know; they speak for themselves. »
-Rainer María Rilke-