It was one of the great natural disasters in the history of Europe. The Lisbon earthquake of 1755 devastated part of Portugal, but its effects went much further and were felt in the rest of the Iberian Peninsula. Here we tell you where you can find the trail of this great earthquake.
It happened on the morning of November 1, 1755, between 9:30 AM and 9:40 AM. The Lisbon earthquake is considered one of the deadliest in world history. And all, due to its great duration and its violence. Several studies estimate its intensity at about 9.9 magnitude.Lisbon earthquake illustration
The epicenter would have been in the Atlantic Ocean, but very close to the Portuguese capital. Thus, the huge earthquake was followed by a terrible tsunami That ended up sweeping the city.
But there was more, because Lisbon suffered a tremendous fire. It originated from candles lit in houses and churches, as it was the feast of All Saints. This combination caused the city to be completely razed and around one hundred thousand people died.
The effects of this huge earthquake reached Spain, Morocco, England, Greenland and Finland, among others. Although, the main damages occurred in Portugal, North Africa and Spain.
In Spanish territory we can still find buildings that show cracks and damage occurred on the occasion of the great tremor of 1755. The areas of Andalusia and Castilla y León were the most affected.
His footprints in the monuments of Andalusiatower of Gold
In Andalusia, the coasts of Huelva and Cádiz were practically destroyed by the earthquake, and also by the tsunami. In Huelva, specifically, the coast disappeared. Meanwhile, in Cádiz, the wall that protects the old area was greatly affected and areas of wall cloths were lost in the port, the part most exposed to the onslaught of the sea.
The tower of Castilnovo de Conil de la Frontera suffered partial landslides. It was part of a defensive team powered by Don Alonso Pérez de Guzmán, who had been rewarded by King Sancho IV in 1295. It had a double purpose: to prevent the attacks of Muslims and protect the tuna trap that was next to it and that also He suffered the effects of the tsunami.
For its part, in Seville, the most damaged was the Torre del Oro, That was devastated. So much, that it was being debated for a long time on whether to recover it or tear it down. Finally, it was restored, although, with a partially different image from the one it would have had before the earthquake.
And the damages reached the province of Jaén. There, the cathedral of Baeza suffered the collapse of part of the building and had to be raised again. Likewise, the inhabitants of Alcaudete Castle had to flee, being abandoned, something that caused its gradual deterioration, which has not been stopped until a few years ago with its enhancement.
Effects of the Lisbon earthquake in other areasRooftops of Salamanca Cathedral
In Castilla y León, church and cathedral towers also went badly. A) Yes, the tower of the cathedral of Astorga, in Leon, almost collapses, which did happen with the tower of the cathedral of Valladolid. The Old Cathedral of Salamanca has also been injured since then and the dome of the Clergy of this city is still slightly inclined due to the great earthquake.
Worst luck suffered Torremormojón Castle, which ended up collapsing completely due to the damage caused during the earthquake. And the same happened with the Old School of Salamanca.
On the other hand, in Castilla-La Mancha, the effects of this earthquake were also devastating. For example, the palace of the marquis of Santa Cruz in Viso lost its four corner towers. And the castle of Calatrava la Nueva was so damaged that it ended up being abandoned, a fact that led to its ruin.
In Extremadura, the dome of the cathedral of Coria fell and buried several faithful who were listening to mass. Finally, in Catalonia, a large crack opened in the mountain of Montserrat. Hot springs sprang from it, so the Puda de Montserrat spa was installed there.
Many more are the monuments of Spain that still retain in their history the traces of the Lisbon earthquake of 1755. We encourage you to visit all that we have shown you and discover more to add to this long list.