East Asian landscape: physical geography of the Far East

The great extension of the Asian continent makes it one of the richest and most varied in terms of geomorphology. Therefore, in this article we wanted to point out only the main geographical features of the East Asian landscape. Do you want to discover more of this wonderful territory?

East Asian Geomorphology

The Asian continent is the largest in the world. Its total extension is 44 million km². In addition, it also holds the record of being the highest on the planet, with an average altitude of 2000 meters.

Guilin, China

At plateaus and large mountainous blocks predominate, as is the case with the Himalayas. The Loess Plateau is also one of the most characteristic landscapes of China, as is the symbolic Mount Fuji in Japan.

Due to the volcanic activity and the contact of the tectonic plates, all East Asia is an area of ​​high seismic activity. Earthquakes are known to everyone like the ones in Sichuan in 2008 and the tsunami that Japan suffered in 2011.

Further, It is surrounded by three large oceans which are the Pacific, the Indian and the Arctic Glacier. Similarly, its coasts are bathed by the seas of China and Japan.

Another feature is that in the Asian continent there is a great domain of islands and volcanic areas. A clear example is the Japanese archipelago formed by the islands of Hokkaido, Hondo, Honshu and Kyushu.

As for volcanic activity, East Asia is within the area known as the Pacific Ring of Fire. We will also find large deserts such as the Taklamakan desert in China, one of the driest areas in the world.

Thanks to this great variety, the landscape of East Asia is one of the most valued for adventure tourism and for those who enjoy taking spectacular photos.

Landscapes of East Asia: physical geography of China

Yangtze River

China is one of the largest countries in the world, with an area that exceeds 9 million km². It has a complex and very varied relief, that goes from the shores of the China Sea and the Yellow Sea to the top of the world, Everest. In addition, within its landscape we can find wide and fertile plains, deserts and lush forests of tall trees.

In the same way, in China there are also some of the largest and largest rivers in the world. An example is the Yangtze River, which is born in Tibet, which has more than 5000 kilometers and reaches 60,000 m³ / second.

In addition, China has more than 5000 islands and 14,000 kilometers of coastline.The extreme climate of the interior regions of the country becomes softer near this, hence it is one of the most populated areas of China. One of the peculiarities of the coast of China is that it has large cliffs and rocks, only the southern part has areas with sand.

Japan physical geography

Mount Fuji

Japan is made up of several islands. In them, two thirds of the surface is formed by mountainous areas, valleys and mountain ranges. This fact was the main cause of the power struggle between the old feudal lords, who fought to control the few plains suitable for cultivation.

Another of the peculiarities of Japan is that It is in a convergence of different tectonic plates of great activity, so it is known for being one of the countries with more seismic activity on the planet. Add to this its 188 volcanoes. It is Mount Fuji, 3776 meters high, the best known for being the symbol of the country.

Although the country It has a varied climate, yes we can find in the continent the four seasons of the year well defined. Hence, part of the landscape of East Asia most recognized worldwide are events such as flowering of sakura or the fall of the reddish leaves of the momiji.

Physical geography of South Korea and North Korea

Jeju Island

South Korea has a total area of ​​99,268 km². This encompasses not only part of the peninsula, but numerous islands, of which the island of Jeju stands out, with 1829 km². The relief of South Korea is quite rugged and with large mountainous blocks.

The T'aebaek mountain range, the most important, extends north-south along the eastern coast. Precisely because of this, the coastline is characterized by its high cliffs.

As for North Korea, the Manchuria chain stands out, hence it is one of the most mountainous regions on the planet. In addition, there are also important volcanic formations and high mountain ranges covered by forests. Its main rivers are Yalu and Tumen, partially navigable. Its climate is mainly continental, with different seasons.

Video: Asia: Political Divisions, Location and Physical Features (April 2020).

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